weighing less than 1.5 kg, is the boss of the body. It weighs approximately 2 per cent of the total body weight. This is the highest proportion among all living creatures comparing
- Fore brain – consists of cerebrum, thalamus, hypothalamus and glands (pineal and pituitary)
- Mid brain – Reticular formation, i.e., connecting area of forebrain and brain stem
- Hind brain – consists of cerebellum and brain stem (medulla oblongata and pons)
- Left cerebral hemisphere is responsible for thoughts, speech, words, etc.
- Right cerebral hemisphere is responsible for cognitive processing, rational thinking, fine skills, creativity, etc.
- Frontal lobe – responsible for planning, rational thinking and memories
- Parietal lobe – responsible for vision and understanding
- Temporal lobe – responsible for auditory
- Occipital lobe – responsible for vision
Cerebellum is a Latin word which means little brain (cerebellum itself resembles brain). It is placed in the back end of the head (occipital region) and it is also divided into two hemispheres like the cerebrum. It is the authority for coordination and balancing during movement and while changing body posture, for example during drawing, playing, running, etc.
There are innumerous complaints that can arise from brain – starting from simple tiredness to coma, i.e., dizziness, drowsiness, sleeplessness, sleepiness, lack of concentration, loss of memory, headache, migraine, fits / seizure / epilepsy, paresis, paralysis, cerebrovascular disorders ( stroke ), brain tumours, meningitis, encephalitis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, brain atrophy, etc.
- Physical as well as mental exercises (reading, thinking, solving puzzles / problems)
- Wear helmet while riding bike or working in mines or industry to avoid head injury
- Keep diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol level under control
- Proceed to treatment as early as possible in all complaints
- Narcotics, sedatives, smoking, alcohol and unnecessary drugs
- Unnecessary anxiety, fear, tension and worries
- Routine blood tests and urine tests
- X-ray skull (in AP view and lateral view)
- CT / MRI scan
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Analysing cerebrospinal fluid with spinal puncture