Excuses are the nails used in the house of failure,’ is a popular saying. Likewise, corns – nails of foot or hands – are made from excuses of constant disturbances or pressure. A corn is a small, hard, thickened growth of skin or a toughening of the outer layers of the skin inhands or feet. They are cone-shaped, projecting inward which is referred as the root or nail or core or seed.
The main cause for formation of corn is abnormal and constant mechanical stress on the skin. Relieving pressure on high-risk areas of the feet not only stops corns from forming but also prevents their recurrence. Neither corns nor callosities are serious conditions. In lean elderly people, corn formation is commonly seen because there will be lack of supportive cushion tissue on the bottom of the foot.
2) Faulty gait i.e. walking foot mechanism
3) Deformed toes
Hammer toes – it is an abnormal second toe which overrides on the big toe. This overriding elevates the joint, which often rub with shoes and become the commonest site for formation of corn.
Occupational – Any continuous pressure which arises during occupation will mark in the body as corns
Athletes suffer from constant friction and trauma
Guitar players’ fingertips are common sites of callosities due to playing sharp strings frequently
Abnormality of gait – Due to
Surgery done in the lower extremities
Due to pain while walking
Walking down a hill
Standing on a hard surface for a long time
On the sole, over the metatarsal arch – the ball of the foot
On the outside border of the fifth toe, where it rubs against the shoe
Between the 4th and 5th toe, since both of them often rub with each other in a slanting manner
Pain and swelling in and around the corn
Sensation of walking on pebbles
Discomfort and pain with direct pressure, since root gets pressed
Soft corn – A soft corn is a small, inflamed patch of skin with a smooth centre. It is found commonly in between the fourth and fifth toe. Soft corn results from the absorption of moisture due to sweat, and it is noticed by its white, macerated boggy appearance. Women are more prone to this type of corn, since they work more in water. Perspiration also causes soft corns to break down and become extremely tender. They don’t appear at sites of pressure points. It becomes an extremely painful lesion when the opposing toe moves against it, causing friction.
Hard corns usually occur over the bony part, on the lateral aspect of the fifth toe. They are hard to touch and may feel like a small stone in the shoe while walking. Though always found single, it may be found in several different areas on the same foot. The hard corn is the most common type and it has a hard central core. This central core distinguishes it from warts. The major points to differentiate it from warts are, they do not have roots and they are contagious. Palpation of the lesion can also help to differentiate the plantar wart from the corn. Corns are more sensitive to direct pressure, while a plantar wart is more sensitive on lateral compression of the lesion. Warts are a dry crusty surface lesion which appears in clusters.
Shoes for a while, or avoid hard leather-bottom shoes
Gloves during work to avoid frictions
Shoes with soft cushioned soles
Use acids, it may damage surrounding normal tissues also
Do’s -Cushioning to reduce the amount of mechanical irritation on the site of the corn formation
Soak feet or hands in warm water for sometime to make it soften
Poor circulatory disorders
Peripheral neuralgic disorders
Bursitis – infection of sheath which avoids friction while moving the joint. Here you will get sudden sharp pain that spreads quickly in palm and soles.
Development of an ulcer occurs when infected with bacteria or fungus. It is common in diabetic patients.
is a natural way to help the body by supporting the body’s own process of healing. It involves the use of extremely diluted substances to heal the body through the release of vital energy. The rule in Homeopathy is that ‘like treats like’. The early you treat, the speedier and more complete the cure. In all a natural way of healing where the immune power is increased against that disease, so that recurrences are avoided. When the cure is not in the proper way, the disease recurs.
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