Burns treatment and remedies


Burns

SKIN – Burns



Deepavali – the festival of lights – is one of the most auspicious occasions celebrated every year. If it is not celebrated carefully, it may make life terrible. It is high time to caution everyone to enjoy it cautiously; especially children.
Usually, Deepavali is celebrated with sweets and crackers. It brings ecstasy and prosperity. Of course, it may also bring the following if we are not careful.
  • First thing –Most of the Sweets served during this occasion are often prepared with ghee and sugar, if taken without any limit, may cause indigestion and diarrhoea. Also milk sweets are not advisable to take after 3-4 days of preparation.
  • Second thing – Sound created by crackers often crosses 95 decibels (dB) of noise and sometimes, may reach up to 115 dB. This level may cause damage to the eardrum. Our eardrum can tolerate noise levels well up to 90 decibels only.
  • Third thing – Smoke created by crackers will cause breathing distress in asthmatics and allergic patients. They should stay away from smoke.
  • Fourth thing – Burns caused by fire accidents from Candles/crackers/ rockets/sparklers/flower pots, etc., may often make life miserable. A spark is enough to change one’s life. Most often many get injuries in the hand or eye. The burns ward and eye clinic account for critical cases during Deepavali and often report disability/total loss of vision. So one should be more careful with burns rather than sweets, sound or smoke created by crackers as they can be easily prevented or we can stay away from them. But, burns come accidentally and unknowingly due to our carelessness in the midst of joy. So, handle crackers with caution.
What are burns? – The skin is a protective covering for our body. It protects our body from heat or cold, external germs, toxins, etc. Burns are injuries to layers of skin which may bedue to severe thermal/chemical/electrical changes. Burns often cause disfigurement/functional loss of the part, if it occurs very deep. Also, extensive burns always need immediate intensive medical care, whereas minor burns caused by thermal variation can be treated easily as outpatient procedure or at home itself. Burns should not be ignored. If they are not properly cared for, then the infection would supercede which may even lead to a fatal condition.
Burns may be classified as:


  • First degree or epidermal or superficial burns are very common and often limited to the outer most layer of the skin, i.e. the epidermis. It won’t produce any blisters. It will just appear as a painful reddish dry spot. Redness is the marked symptom of the first-degree burns. This type of burns often heals within a week without any trace of scar.
  • Second degree or superficial dermal burns involve the layers of epidermis and the superficial part of the dermis. It produces blisters and is often very painful. The vesication or blisters are the marked symptoms of second degree burns. In case of opened wound, it normally appears as moist and takes 2-3 weeks to heal.
  • Third degree or deep dermal burns involve all the layers of skin and appear as charred thick burnt area. This type of burns is often painless since the burn process destroys the nerve endings also. Necrosis (cell death) is the marked symptom of the third degree burns. This type of burn usually takes more than a month to get healed. Also healing ends with scars.
Fourth degree burns destroy the entire dermis and even extend down to muscle/bone. It is rare and usually requires skin grafting for healing.
Causes: 


The burns caused by heat are most commonly due to contact of hot liquids (coffee/boiling water/water from top of the pans of hot foods/car radiators), hot steam and hot metals like kitchen utensils, tea pots, cookers, iron box, heaters or directly from flame of burners or stove. During Deepavali, burns are common with candles, sparklers, crackers, flower pots, rockets, etc. To prevent injuries/burns on this auspicious occasion, one should be aware of safety rules to reduce the risk of accidents.
Prevention:
  • Adults should be with children while igniting powerful cracker
  • Don’t allow children to launch rockets
  • Don’t allow children to cover the crackers with boxes or bottles
  • Don’t hold ignited crackers/rockets/flower pots in the hand for fun
  • Don’t walk barefoot while bursting fire crackers
  • Children should not be allowed to play with matches and lighters
  • Don’t wear synthetic materials while near any flame or fire
FIRST AID
  • Stop/stay away from the burning process
  • To put off the intensive fire, make the victim roll on the floor with a blanket
Remove dresses and ornaments from the affected area.

Do’s
  • Cool/flood the burn area – with running tap water for about 10- 15 minutes (this cooling process not only cools the burn but also cleans the burn area and reduces the pain)
  • Be hygienic to rule out any infection
  • If the injury is extensive, rush to the intensive burn care unit immediately
  • Keep burnt area elevated to prevent odema formation (swelling)
Don’ts
  • Don’t apply ice on the burn as ice may cause vasoconstriction and hypothermia
  • Don’t apply ink/butter which may attract infection
  • Don’t remove blisters, since intact skin could prevent infection
  • Don’t give any oral foods/drinks to the seriously injured victim
Symptoms: The signs of burns are redness, swelling and blisters with or without pain in the affected area. The skin may also peal, appear white or charred (blackened) with numb feeling. The most serious burns may cause shock with the symptoms of faintness, weakness, breathing difficulty with cold, clammy, bluish skin.
Diagnosis – Most of the burn cases are easily diagnosed in severity with the source of burn, affected body area (BSA – body surface area), degree and depth of burn, extent of burn, dehydration and age of the victim. In severe cases, the risk of infection should be cared. Also, burn on the face and fingers/toes should be treated with special concern or otherwise disfigurement and loss of movement will result. In case of head/face burns, pulmonary complications arising from burn, smoke and spasm causes wheezing (stridor) which indicates a fatal sign.
Complications: Complications often arises from infection and dehydration:
  • Infection – can cause septicaemia with fever, more discharges and discolouration. Finally this process ends in renal failure.
  • Dehydration – often causes renal shutdown due to reduced blood volume caused by increased discharges. Dehydration is often indicated with excessive thirst, dizziness, fainting, dry skin, absence/reduced volume of urine, etc.
  • Keloid formation and disfigurement – due to scarring with contracture and deformity.
  • Depression often follows with disfigurement and deformities
  • Duodenal ulcers, namely Curling’s ulcer, occur commonly in burn patients
General treatment – Commonly, if burnt areas exceed 55 per cent with first degree burns, 30 per cent with second degree burns & 15 per cent with third degree burns, prognosis is poor, since they are all considered as critical burns. Often, extensive burns are fatal, either immediately or later on while healing, due to infection and renal shutdown. Facial burns are often treated by skin grafting with plastic surgery to restore near normalcy. Modern methods usually do the following procedures for treating burns:
  • De-roofing of blisters and debridement (removal of dead skin) of necrosis parts
  • Apply silver sulfdiazine as external application
  • Cover the burn to keep it clean to avoid infection
  • Pain killers for pain relief
  • IV fluids to tackle dehydration
  • Moisturiser if the skin is not blistered
  • Antibiotics to avoid risk of infection and complications
Homeopathic approach


Traditionally, burn victims are made to lie on plantain leaf and Honey is applied to the burnt area. Even now plantain leaves are used in sophisticated hospitals, since it will not get stick to the burnt area but honey is not used as it is sticky and is tough in maintenance and assessment of wound, even though it is supposed to have good healing powers.
Nowadays, blisters are often opened and covering skin is often removed for fast healing. This procedure should not be followed in case of minor burns. Closed wounds often prevent infection spread. And also,
  • The blister fluid consists of plasma proteins and electrolytes which usually encourage better healing with out any scar or discolouration.
  • If you happen to open it, the healing ends with discolouration and takes time to revive normalcy.
Never underestimate the seriousness of a burn. Major burns may turn fatal even after 3 weeks of proper care.
Homeopaths follow with Cantharis & Urtica urens mother tinctures to treat burns in non-toxic doses. Cantharis often prevents blister formation if applied immediately after the injury. Homeopathic medicines often soothe the pain of burns and reduce the chance of blistering. Homeopathy medicines treat the burns in a better way and wonderfully. In Homeopathy, external tinctures and internal medicines work simultaneously to heal the injury.
Homeopathic medicines commonly used in cases of burns are Acid nit, Achyranthes asp, Ars alb, Cadmium sulph, Cantharis, Causticum, Hypericum, Ledum, Petroleum, phosphorus, Rhus tox, Stramonium, Urtica urens, etc. These Medicines should be taken under the advice and diagnosis of a qualified Homeopath.


for new hope

Dr. S. Chidambaranathan, BHMS, MD (Homeo)
Laxmi Homeo Clinic
24 E. New Mahalipatti Road
Madurai, TN 625 001
India

Tel:  +91-452-233-8833 | +91-984-319-1011 (Mob)
Fax: +91-452-233-0196
E-mail:  drcheena@yahoo.com


(Disclaimer - The contents of this column are for informational purpose only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional healthcare advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of healthcare professional for any health problem or medical condition.)

Dr Cheena

Dr Cheena

Simple notes on Drcheena

Dr S. Chidambaranathan is a compassionate and highly skilled homeopathic doctor who has been rated as the Best Homoeopathic Doctor in Madurai.

Because of him “LAXMI HOMOEO CLINIC” is a “Healing Gateway” Imparting quality treatment to his patients with dignity and utmost care.

He is always reachable and concerned for comfort of the sick to cope up with their expectation. Because of his treatment with highest standard many patients were able to avoid surgeries in many incidences. In LAXMI HOMOEO CLINIC patients are treated with dignity, kindness and respect with privacy.

Further Dr S. Chidambaranathan helps the patients to manage their health on their own and to stay independent from all sorts of medicines as much as possible.

To cope up with ever changing trends in medicine and disease management he continues to upgrade his knowledge evident by the various papers presented
in different seminars and articles published online by him.

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The contents of this column are for informational purpose only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional healthcare advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of healthcare professional for any health problem or medical condition.

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