There are two types of teeth – deciduous and permanent. Permanent teeth are
Tooth is commonly divided into crown and root. Crown is the exposed part whereas roots are buried in the jaws and gums. The gum line part may be called as the neck. The crown consists of three layers. The outermost covering is called enamel. Enamel is the glossy and
Even though enamel is very hard, it can get damaged with continuous friction, injuries, chemicals and thermal variations. The injured teeth become sensitive teeth due to the exposure of the dentine layer. Sensitive teeth are a discomfort condition where external stimuli like cold foods, drinks and air causing hypersensitivity and pain. The pain may be sudden and shooting and it travels to the root of the teeth. Mostly pain will not persist continuously, but it comes and goes as lightning pain with the causative factors. Pain will be very horrible with intake of ice creams and sweets, sometimes even with hot foods. In course of time, the damaged dentine will get replaced with secondary dentine with less nerve supply for reducing the pain.
- Ageing process can cause recession of gums and loss of enamel
- Tooth paste, mouthwashes and mouth fresheners – whitening tooth paste, continuous use of mouthwash and fresheners can cause erosion of enamel to cause sensitivity
- Injury – from brushing with hard abrasive tooth powders or with hard bristles, picking the teeth, teeth grinding, removing the metal caps from bottled drinks with the teeth, biting hair clips can cause enamel loss. The same thing happens temporarily in treatment procedures like teeth cleaning, root canal treatment and crown covering for restoration of tooth.
- Brushing techniques – improper brushing and flossing can also cause sensitivity
- Teeth – decay, erosions, improper fillings, cracked/broken teeth, plaque/tartar deposits, etc.
- Gum diseases – Gingivitis, abscess, sores can spread infection to teeth and it can also cause recession of gums or shrinking while getting healed which usually exposes the cementum in the gum line.
- Foods and drinks – Sour and acidic food, fruits/juices (citrus – lemon, tomatoes, grapes, etc.) sweets, coffee, tea, alcoholic drinks, carbonated drinks with added preservatives can cause erosion. Likewise, very hot or cold drinks can also cause sensitivity.
- Vitamin deficiency (C and D) can cause transverse ridges, pitting and sensitivity.
- Flourosis can cause enamel loss leading to pitting of teeth and white patches in the teeth with sensitivity.
- Acidic PH of the mouth can erode the teeth to cause sensitivity.
- Sucking air or blowing air inside the mouth can aggravate sensitivity due to exposed nerve endings in case of diseased or damaged teeth.
- Using soft bristle toothbrush to avoid abrasions
- Using right tooth paste
- Brushing up and down and along the gum line carefully for avoiding damage
- Maintaining oral hygiene
- Avoiding use of abrasive tooth powders or coal dust
- Avoiding deposition of plaque and tartar
- Avoiding grinding the teeth
- Avoiding acid foods/fruits and sweets, especially at night
- Avoiding recession of gums by proper care of gingivitis, if any, in the early stages itself
- Rinsing the mouth with water after every meal or snacks or acidic juices.
For conserving teeth, ruling out infection, filling the caries or erosion of teeth is most important. The first and foremost thing is removal of the factor which causes friction, infection, etc. Homeopathy treatment is well known for allergy and hypersensitivity. Homeopathy treatment usually won’t benumb the teeth by desensitising the nerves, but it will work for reducing the hypersensitivity and its reaction. It will also work for sealing the dentine layer with quick formation of secondary dentine layer in case of enamel damage. For complete cure, treatment should be started at an early stage.