Blood nature and medical facts

Blood – Its vital role

On a visit to the doctor for any illness, we will get examined first for our pulse, blood pressure, colour of the mucous membrane of the mouth (especially under the tongue), colour of conjunctiva of the eye (especially lower part) and colour of the nails. These are all done to analyse our blood and its flow.
The commonest blood related disorder/ailment/condition is anaemia. The clinical examinations stated above are done especially to rule out anaemia. It is better to learn more about blood, its components and its functions to understand anaemia in a better way. The study of blood is medically termed as Haemotology.

Is blood vital? – The quantity and quality of blood should always be maintained to have good health. If blood quantity and quality gets altered/lowered due to blood clip image002 Blood conditions/diseases, then any sort of diseases can arise due to weakened stamina and immune system. In case of extreme loss or low quality, life happens to end proving the vitality of blood. So, it is important to monitor blood regularly to ensure adequate red blood cells, haemoglobin levels, white blood cells, blood flow and blood pressure to maintain/preserve good health status. Alteration in blood volume, its contents, pressure changes, increased fat, urea, creatinine levels will always cause serious problems. Likewise, the toxins/chemicals/drugs entering the blood will reach the brain immediately or spread quickly all over the body to take effect/impact in their respective actions. So preserving blood in good condition is very vital for our body. Further, to support functions of blood, the blood vessels and pump (heart) should be in good condition to circulate them all over the body. Exercise is also essential to keep blood moving all the way.
Blood – We humans are mere flesh and blood on the frame of skeleton. Blood is the vital fluid which maintains/supports all the functions of the body. Blood functions as a self-regulating organ as well as a regulator of other organs too. Its physical and chemical composition mostly remains constant (i.e. haemostatic condition).
Red and blood always stand for horror/danger/caution. The 5 litres of red blood (supposed to be the average in a normal 65 kg adult) does many functions in our body in many ways. Blood is initially produced in the liver and spleen in the early foetal period. After the 5th month of pregnancy, bone (especially medulla from the distal end of long bone) marrow takes charge for lifetime to manufacture these blood cells in a continuous manner. After the growing period, production is limited only to flat bones i.e. blood gets manufactured in ribs, skull and vertebrae. Blood quantity and quality may vary according to age, sex and health status.
Blood flow – In our circulatory system, arteries are the major blood vessels which carry and distribute oxygenated blood throughout the body with its branches arterioles and capillaries. Capillaries are most permeable part for transportation of nutrients and oxygen from blood to tissues. These capillaries, after diversification, tend to unite again to form venules. These venules unite further to form smaller veins which again unite to form large veins. Veins are blood vessels which collect and carry deoxygenated blood towards the heart for recharging oxygen in the lungs.
Blood pressure – Normally, the flow is guided by heart systolic pump and its pressure. The return of blood to the heart is done with passive pump i.e. muscular pumps which compress veins with movements or exercises. The pressure of flow in major artery is 120 mg of Hg during systole which drops slowly with distribution i.e. with small arteries (70), arterioles (40), capillaries (30), venules (15) and veins (0-15). The measurement of blood pressure is a very simple technique, but it provides a lot of information about the heart, blood vessels and health status of the person. Blood pressure also usually varies according to age, sex, heart functions, density of the blood, etc. Blood pressure also gets altered with the requirement of oxygen for the body (exercise/exertion).
Blood groups – Basic blood groups are O, A, B and AB. Further there are blood clip image003 Blood Rh+ve & Rh-ve factors which split each group into two divisions. These groups have their uniqueness and cannot be exchanged for one another. There are many sub-groups also which need to be considered during blood transfusion to rule out complication arising out of the transfusion. Perfect match/compatibility should be sought with the cross-matching of blood from the donor or otherwise life will be always at risk on transfusion.
Functions of blood
As a transporter – It helps help mostly in all functions i.e. nourishing, respiration, excretion, protection, etc., as it
  • Transports oxygen to the tissues
  • Transports carbon monoxide to the lungs to get exhaled
  • Transports nutrients/iron/vitamins/minerals to the tissues
  • Transports hormones to the brain and concerned organs to coordinate functions
  • Transports waste materials from tissue to the kidney to get eliminated
  • Transports antibodies to the required spot to fight against disease
  • Transports clotting factors to seal the injured bleeding spot (if there is any)
As a preserver – Blood maintains its water content, pH, specific gravity, electrolytes with its permeability and osmosis maintains haemostatic to preserve life in good health.
As a temperature regulator – Blood by circulation regulates our body temperature too.
Composition of blood – The suspension of blood consists mainly of cells and plasma i.e. 45 per cent cells and 55 per cent plasma. They consist of dissolved electrolytes, gases, plasma proteins and antibodies in plasma. Tissues add their secretions, hormones, enzymes, metabolites, wastes, acids and extracts nutrients, oxygen, vitamins and minerals, etc., from blood.
The major, three cell components in blood are:
  • Red blood cells (RBCs) – are the very essential part of the blood which helps to carry oxygen, carbon monoxide and nutrients. They are circular, flattened biconcave discs containing globular iron protein i.e. haemoglobin. It is the colouring pigment (haem) which provides the characteristic red colour to the blood. Colour of blood will be bright red with oxygenated haemoglobin and dark red with deoxygenated haemoglobin and chocolate brown/red when it gets oxidised. Haemoglobin helps in exchanging or carrying oxygen from the lungs to tissues and carbon monoxide from tissues to lungs for exhalation. Haemoglobin approximately measures around 15 gms in 100 ml of blood and usually carries 20 cc of oxygen. Their life period is nearly 120 days. They are produced in the bone marrow in a continuous manner with adequate supply of iron, folic acid and vitamins and circulated in the blood. Since production is continuous, the expiring old ones are replaced with new blood cells without any change in quality. Size, shape and structure of RBCs may vary depending upon the age, person, diseases, conditions and environment. Red cells constitute 40-45 per cent of blood volume. It may get reduced to 15 per cent during the result of severe anaemia i.e. become watery blood. (Plasma constitutes 90 per cent water and 10 per cent solids).
  • White blood cells (WBCs) – White blood cells are colourless cells found in the blood involved in protection and fighting against bacterial or viral or fungal infection. They produce antibodies to find specific antigen to trap and destroy/digest them blood clip image004 Blood (phagocytosis). They are short lived (3-5 days), less in number and bigger in size compared to RBCs. The size and number may vary diurnally, after exercise, meals, infections, etc. The pus formation in the infected part is nothing but these WBCs i.e., dead WBCs (the soldiers who lost their life against the infective agent/bacteria/virus/fungus).
Platelets – are the essential cells in blood clotting mechanism. They are irregular, colourless, sticky, highly specialised cells which have the capacity to adhere to any surface. Platelets and clotting factors work to prevent blood loss/seal the bleeding spot (either inside the body or on the surface), without which one may bleed to death. Platelets are also short-lived i.e. around a week to 10 days.
Normal blood values (Averages)
  • Haemoglobin (Hb)
  • Male—13.5-17.0 Gms %
  • Female–12.0-15.5 Gms %
Red blood cell count (RBC)
  • Male 4.5 to 6.0 million / cu. mm
  • Women: 4.2 to 5.4 million / cu. mm.
White blood cell count (WBC)
  • Ranges from 4,000 – 11,000/ cu. mm.
  • Evaluating each type separately
  • Neutrophils or polymorphs 50 – 60%
  • Lymphocytes 30 – 50%
  • Eosinophils 2 – 5%
  • Monocytes 2 – 4%
  • Basophils 0 – 1%
  • Absolute Eosinophil Count – 40 – 440 cells / cu. mm.
Packed cell volume (PCV)
  • Male- 40- 50 %
  • Female- 38- 45 %
Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) 27-31 pg
Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) 32-36 %
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 76-96 Cu. mm
Reticulocyte count – 0.5 – 2.0%
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
  • Male- <15mm in 1 hour
  • Female – < 20 mm in 1 hour
Platelet count – 1.5 -4.5 lakh/cu. mm
blood clip image005 Blood Coagulation
  • Bleeding time – 2 – 6 minutes
  • Clotting time – 3 – 9 minutes
  • Prothrombin time -12-16 sec’s
Blood pH – 7.35-7.45 (venous – artery)
(pH- hydrogen ion concentration which helps in denoting acidity or alkalinity of the solution (variation from 1- 14 i.e. from most acid to most alkali)
  • Serum Sodium – 135 -145mEq / L
  • Serum Potassium – 3.5 – 5.5mEq / L
  • Serum Chloride – 98 -106mEq / L
  • Serum Bicarbonate – 22 -26mEq / L
  • Serum Lithium – 0.2 -1.0mEq / L
Blood glucose
  • Fasting: 70 -110 Mg / dl
  • Post prandial (i.e. after food -1 ¾ hours): 100 -140 Mg / dl
Blood urea -15 – 40 Mg / dl
Serum cholesterol: 150 – 240 Mg / dl
Serum creatinine: 0.8 – 1.4 Mg / dl
Serum uric acid: 3.0 – 7.0 Mg / dl
Serum calcium: 8.5 – 11.0 Mg / dl
Serum phosphorus: 3.5 – 5.5 Mg / dl
Serum amylase- 25 – 90U/L
Serum copper-70 – 150 Mg / dl
blood clip image006 Blood Serum iron – Ferritin
  • Male -60 -170 µg / L
  • Female – 50 – 130 µg / L
Plasma proteins
  • Serum albumin – 4.5 to 6g/100ml
  • Serum globulin – 1.5 to 2.5g/100ml
  • Fibrinogen – 0.2 to .4g/100ml
Diseases of Blood
Red blood cells – Anaemia (lowered level), polycythemia (increased number of RBCs), sickle cell, spherocytosis
White blood cells – Neutropaenia and Leukemias (cancers – acute / chronic myeloid leukemia, acute/chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkins disease, etc.)
Platelets/clotting factors – Bleeding disorders like Thrombocytopaenia, Haemophilia, Von-Willebrand disease, etc., commonly arise with lowered platelets count/clotting factors/Vit K.
In many of the blood disorders/infections, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) most often goes high due to rapid destruction of blood cells. (For example anaemia, bacterial/viral infection with fever, Leukemias, Haemophilia, etc.)
Homeopathic Medicines should be taken under the advice and diagnosis of a qualified Homeopath.

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Dr. S. Chidambaranathan, BHMS, MD (Homeo)
Laxmi Homeo Clinic
24 E. New Mahalipatti Road
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(Disclaimer: The contents of this column are for informational purpose only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional healthcare advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of healthcare professional for any health problem or medical condition.)

Dr Cheena

Dr Cheena

Simple notes on Drcheena

Dr S. Chidambaranathan is a compassionate and highly skilled homeopathic doctor who has been rated as the Best Homoeopathic Doctor in Madurai.

Because of him “LAXMI HOMOEO CLINIC” is a “Healing Gateway” Imparting quality treatment to his patients with dignity and utmost care.

He is always reachable and concerned for comfort of the sick to cope up with their expectation. Because of his treatment with highest standard many patients were able to avoid surgeries in many incidences. In LAXMI HOMOEO CLINIC patients are treated with dignity, kindness and respect with privacy.

Further Dr S. Chidambaranathan helps the patients to manage their health on their own and to stay independent from all sorts of medicines as much as possible.

To cope up with ever changing trends in medicine and disease management he continues to upgrade his knowledge evident by the various papers presented
in different seminars and articles published online by him.

What is homeopathy ?

What is homeopathy ?
Homoeopathic medicines are very refined and are given in minimal and minute doses, so there are no side-effects. The system treats the patient as a whole i.e. mind and body, and makes one free of the disease condition, and prevents recurrence. Homoeopathic medicines can be used in all types of disease, at all ages, in all circumstances. By acting in a natural way it increases immunity. It also removes tendencies, allergies and thus helps mankind to live in a modern world that is highly polluted. It also reduces the impact of hereditary-familial diseases by raising the immunity level. Also, in some painful conditions like peptic ulcer, patients cannot take Allopathy painkillers since the ulcer will get aggravated. But in Homoeopathy we can treat in a better way the painful condition and peptic ulcer. Homoeopathy medicines act through nerve endings in the tongue – the doctor will merely ask the patient to place the medicine under the tongue and let it melt slowly – so they are no way related to the stomach or blood. So, even pregnant women can take these medicines safely.

Mode of taking Homeopathy Medicines

Homeopathy TreatmentUnder the diagnosis and advice of a qualified Homeopath, Homeopathy medicines will usually give comfort, calmness and hope to suffering mankind even in difficult cases, for some of which the modern medical world says nothing can be done. Homeopathic medicines can provide cure gently, promptly and permanently if they are taken properly. The medicine, its potency (power), its frequency (repetition), may vary according to the patient and the condition. Even with long time medications, Homeopathy medicines are completely safe and free from all sorts of side-effects and addiction. It can be safely used in infants, children, adolescents, adults, elderly people and even in pregnant women.


Wonders of Homeopathy

Best Homeopathy TreatmentHomeopathy is gaining in acceptance the world over due to its nature of treatment. Homeopathy does wonders when applied scientifically. As Homeopathy works on certain principles, it never fails within its limitations. However, a Homeopath may fail in treating the patient when he cannot elicit the characteristic symptom of the patient to match with the drug symptoms for selecting similimum (apt drug in right dosage). Homeopathy usually believes in internal treatment rather than topical applications or external interventions (removal of the disease or its effects using surgery, acids, freezing, burning, banding, laser, radiation, cauterization, ointments, liniments, oils, etc.) since internal medicines can only throw/expel the disease. Internal Homeopathic medicines treat patient as a whole by supporting the body’s own process of healing (immune mechanism) without any side-effects.


Disclaimer: Laxmi Homeo Clinic is intending to make the people all over the world healthier through the power of information. Our health information and technologies can make a healthier tomorrow and better healthcare outcomes.
The contents of this column are for informational purpose only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional healthcare advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of healthcare professional for any health problem or medical condition.

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Smarter way of handling cancer

Best Homeopathy TreatmentCancer seems to be a lot more prevalent now, due to a variety of unknown causes and known causes like use of plastics as food servers, fertilizer usage, microwave oven usage, etc. So, with all available advanced technologies, one needs to take care of their health by modifying life style / proper food habits / good body hydration / judicious use of medicinesand regular checkups. Sustained treatment is essential to combat / post pone recurrences in cancer. Likewise all the benign tumours need to be analyzed every year to make sure that it remains benign without growing in size or differentiating. What is Cancer? Any abnormal proliferation in cytology or numbers of the cells is considered to be a tumour or growth. There are two types of tumours, i.e. Benign and Malignant. Benign tumours are the growth which has more number of cells but has similar pattern of cytology of existing normal cells. In case of malignancy, i.e. cancer, the cells will go out of range in size, cytology and numbers in uncontrollable manner invading other tissues and spread to other parts (metastasis) endangering life. Tumours either benign or malignant can cause different set of symptoms in different set of people according to the location, involvement of structure and spreading nature.


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